women's journal

The Risk Factors and Techniques used in Pelvic Floor Therapy

Pelvic floor dysfunction – a common condition characterized by improper coordination of the pelvic floor muscles may occur in men and women. People with pelvic floor dysfunction may make regular trips to the toilet and experience constipation. These are but a few symptoms of pelvic floor dysfunction. While the causes of this condition remain unknown, factors such as age and pregnancy may put you at risk of developing pelvic floor dysfunction. Fortunately, if you have this medical condition, your specialist may recommend pelvic floor therapy in Boca Raton to strengthen the pelvic muscles.

What is pelvic floor therapy?

This is a form of treatment that helps reduce pain and improve pelvic muscle strength.

Like any other treatment method, the initial consultation is essential to learn more about the treatment process – what it entails, and if you are a good candidate. Your specialist may review your medical gynecologic and obstetric history. Part of pelvic floor therapy includes orthopedic examination, which involves assessment of your muscles. Your therapist may ask you to stand, sit and walk to check if you have any joint issues contributing to your condition. This is important to help customize an appropriate treatment plan for you. The type of therapy your specialist may recommend also depends on the symptoms you may have.

Risk factors for pelvic floor dysfunction

  • Increased abdominal pressure caused by chronic coughing contributes to pelvic organ prolapse in women by straining the pelvic floor muscles and weakening the supporting ligaments.
  • Athletes who engage in high-impact sporting activities such as gymnastics and running have a higher pelvic floor dysfunction risk. These activities involve intense stretching of the pelvic floor muscles, causing abdominal pressure. The pelvic floor muscles get weak when this goes on for a long time. Non-athletes and people who participate in low-impact sports such as table tennis have lower chances for pelvic floor dysfunction.
  • Obesity. Excess body weight increases intra-abdominal pressure, weakens the pelvic floor muscles, and damages the supportive structures. Most people who are overweight also experience urinary incontinence symptoms. Losing excess weight and maintaining a healthy Body Mass Index (BMI) may help improve symptoms such as the frequent need to urinate.

Techniques used in pelvic floor therapy

Pelvic floor therapy techniques involve both internal and external treatment. However, since internal treatment may be uncomfortable for some patients, your therapist may only use this treatment method when you are ready. For internal techniques, your specialist does a trigger point using special instruments or may also guide a finger through the rectum or vagina and applying pressure at particular points. Internal treatment includes deep tissue massage, trigger point therapy, nerve release, skin rolling, and joint mobilization. The various techniques in pelvic floor therapy include electrical stimulation, vaginal dilators, pelvic floor biofeedback, manual therapy, and pelvic floor exercises.

While pelvic floor therapy may be uncomfortable, most patients enjoy an improved quality of life after this treatment approach. If you have pelvic floor dysfunction symptoms such as constipation and pain during sexual intercourse, visit your doctor at MyDoc Women’s Health Specialist for treatment to enhance your well-being.


women's journal

Non-invasive, Safe and Effective Fibroids Treatment in Texas

How much do you know about fibroids? Did you know fibroids affect women of all ages, the most common being 35 to 50 years old? The most definite cause of fibroids is not known, but it is evident that fibroids affect women in their childbearing age. The symptoms do not develop early and only show at the late stages. Hence, it is hard to know or predict if you have fibroids until a later age. Alate Health specializes in providing comprehensive uterine fibroids treatment in Houston, TX, to better women’s lives. If you have fibroids and are looking to improve your symptoms and health, call or book online to schedule your appointment.

Andrew Doe, MD, is the founder of Alate Health and provides the highest quality care using the most advanced technology. The interventional radiology practice focuses on offering non-invasive procedures for veins, fibroids, and chronic pain conditions. Dr. Doe has more than three decades of experience and has the expertise to provide top-notch care and treatments to deliver outstanding results. Their highly skilled team specializes in offering treatments for uterine fibroids, varicose veins, peripheral arterial disease, and pelvic congestion syndrome. Visit them today to relieve your pain and promote your life quality.

What are uterine fibroids?

Fibroids, also known as myoma or leiomyoma, are noncancerous tumors that develop in the uterus walls. They occur when a single cell in the uterine wall becomes over-sensitive to estrogen. High levels of estrogen in the uterus enhance the growth of fibroids. Thus, fibroids grow more prominent during pregnancy but shrink afterward. Fibroids also reduce after menopause after estrogen levels drop.

The team at Alate health understands the complications and impacts involved with fibroids. That’s why they commit to providing a non-invasive fibroid treatment to solve your problems and enhance your life quality successfully.

Dr. Doe and his team provide you with options for your fibroid treatments. They offer Uterine Fibroid Embolization (UFE), a minimally invasive treatment that shrinks the fibroids and relieves symptoms. The treatment is safe and takes 45 minutes.

What are the types of fibroids?

There are four forms of uterine fibroids, including:

  •       Intramural – occur on the uterine wall muscle
  •       Subserosal- develops at the outermost uterine layer
  •       Submucosal – fibroids found at the innermost uterine lining
  •       Pedunculated – are stalk-growing fibroids

What are the symptoms of fibroids?

You may not notice any fibroid symptoms until a later stage, or during a regular woman exam. However, if you have fibroids, you may experience:

  •       Painful periods
  •       Periods over a week-long
  •       Constipation
  •       Pain during sex
  •       Backache
  •       Leg pain
  •       Frequent urination
  •       Anemia
  •       Clotting
  •       Fatigue
  •       Bloating

They also cause heavy periods and may even cause infertility in some cases. Some patients may develop severe fibroids signs while others do not.

What are the risk factors for fibroids?

There is no clear cause of fibroids, but a combination of factors may lead to its occurrence, including:

  •       Age
  •       Genetics
  •       Hormones
  •       Weight
  •       Lifestyle
  •       Ethnicity
  •       Reproduction

In conclusion, fibroids can affect your life quality, including heavy bleeding and pain during your periods that make you insecure while in public. They have no apparent cause but are most common in women between 35 and 40 years old. Usually, the hormone estrogen affects its growth. The team at Alate Health uses the latest technology and a minimally invasive technique to treat and shrink fibroids. Do not suffer any longer, visit Alate health for safe and effective fibroid treatment.

women's journal

What You Should Know About Breast Reconstruction

If you have lost one or both breasts due to cancer treatments or are planning a mastectomy, you may be a good candidate for breast reconstruction. Get to visit the best East Windsor, NJ breast reconstructive surgeon who will provide reconstruction services to restore your confidence and rebuild your breast. The surgeon creates a surgical treatment plan for your needs to give you breasts that feel and look natural.

How to prepare for a breast reconstruction

Before the mastectomy, your doctor can ask you to meet with a plastic surgeon. Consult a board-certified plastic surgeon who is experienced in breast reconstruction after a mastectomy. The plastic surgeon and breast surgeon should work hand in hand to determine the best treatment and breast reconstruction process for your condition.

The plastic surgeon will discuss the advantages and disadvantages of the surgery on the opposite breast, even if it has no problem matching the reconstructed breast’s size and shape. Surgery to eliminate the healthy breast can increase the risk of surgical complications, such as infections and bleeding. There can be less satisfaction with cosmetic results after surgery.

Before breast reconstruction surgery, follow the instructions given to you by your doctor on preparing for the procedure. This can include guidelines on adjusting current medications, quitting smoking, eating, and drinking.

What to expect

Breast reconstruction starts with a tissue expander or breast implant placement, either immediate mastectomy or during a delayed reconstruction. Breast reconstruction needs several surgeries, even when you choose immediate reconstruction.

Breast implants

A breast implant is a teardrop or round-shaped silicone shell filled with saltwater or silicone gel. If restricted because of safety concerns, silicone gel implants are considered safe. A plastic surgeon will place the implant behind or in front of the muscle in the chest. Implants put in front of the muscle are held using a tissue called acellular dermal matrix. After some time, the body replaces the tissues with collagen. Some women will have a permanent breast implant placed during mastectomy. However, many women need a two-stage process, tissue expander, before placing a permanent implant.

Tissue expander

A tissue expander is a process that stretches the remaining soft tissue and chest skin to make room for the breast implant. The plastic surgeon places a tissue expander that looks like a balloon over or under your pectoral muscle during mastectomy. Over the following months, through a tiny valve under the skin, the nurse or doctor injects saline into the valve, filling the balloon in stages. This process allows the skin to stretch.

The latest type of tissue expander uses carbon dioxide—this controllable expander releases the gas internally. Using carbon dioxide can decrease the discomfort that you feel with saline expansion. After the tissue is expanded, the surgeon performs another surgery to remove the expander and replaces it with a permanent implant.

It can be hard to undergo a mastectomy, and having another surgery for reconstruction can be scarier. Recovering from reconstructive surgery and mastectomy at the same time can be uncomfortable in the short term. Still, in the long term, it can be less painful and stressful than having multiple surgeries. Having breast reconstruction surgery is always an option; you should not fear and ensure a certified and experienced surgeon performs it.

women's journal

Top Reasons For Pelvic Pain

Although misconceptions surround pelvic pain, particularly concerning your periods, sometimes you can be in pain for reasons other than menstruation. Do not worry, the Women’s Clinic of the Rio Grande Valley, a McAllen gynecology and obstetrics center, has you covered. Fernando Otero, MD, can diagnose your condition and help you understand why you are experiencing the pain. This is the first step towards effective management of your condition. Here are some of the reasons why you might be experiencing pelvic pain.

Pelvic Muscle Pain

This condition can make you experience pain that feels like cramps in your pelvic area. The pain can also be stabbing or sharp and can shoot up through your vagina or rectum. Sometimes this condition can occur with sex or when you are using tampons and can last for a while. The pain can worsen with exercises such as pilates, crunches, sit-ups, and other core-strengthening exercises.

You can get some relief by lying in a fetal position, doing pelvic muscle stretch exercises, or using a heat pack. However, the baseline should be seeking expert care from your doctor.

Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS)

Although this condition’s cause is not yet clear, one thing for sure is that it causes typical pelvic pain. The condition is believed to involve the bowel muscles becoming sensitive and contacts unevenly, leading to pain and bloating. Although the pain can improve after a bowel movement, other symptoms such as blood in stool or diarrhea may indicate something more beyond the pain, and you should seek expert help. If some foods are suspected to be triggers, you can avoid them to improve this condition. Stress can also be a trigger and should be avoided when possible.


This is a common condition affecting your reproductive organs and is a typical cause of pelvic pain. This is a condition where you develop growths outside the uterus, particularly in the pelvic area. When the growths develop on your bladder, bowel, or ovaries, you are more likely to experience pelvic pain. Although this condition can cause pain during your periods, it can also cause pain before your periods or during and after sex. You can also experience the pain while you pass stool, urine, or in your back or stomach area.


This condition is similar to endometriosis, only that the cell growths develop into your uterine muscle wall. However, the symptoms are similar to endometriosis, including painful periods, heavy bleeding, and pain during or after sex. 

Urinary Tract Infections (UTIs) and Bladder Pain

These are common complications affecting over 50% of women at some time in their life. UTIs are notoriously known to cause pelvic pain alongside a burning sensation, particularly when you pass urine. Although UTIs are common, they can lead to serious kidney infections if untreated. That is why you should seek medical assistance as soon as possible if you experience pelvic pain to clear them.

These are a few of the reasons you might be experiencing pelvic pain away from periods. Reach out to the Women’s Clinic of the Rio Grande Valley to explore more and learn the treatment options that can benefit you.

women's journal

What It Is Like to Go for Detox During Pregnancy

No mother, whether she is addicted to drugs or not, wants their baby or the unborn child to be harmed inside the utero in any case. No mother ever wants her baby to be harmed but wants them to be healthy when they come out in the world. However, many mothers who are expecting are addicted to drugs and hope for their unborn children to take a backseat because of their drug addiction. So many pregnant women who are in this situation go for detoxing while pregnant.

Can You Go For Detoxing While Your Are Expecting

If you are pregnant and you are also addicted to drugs at the same time, then you might be thinking of different and safe ways to detox while pregnant to improve your health situation for your baby. Many mothers are also very fearful about how they can reach for help, and more the time passes, the more damage you can cause to your baby and you.

But thankfully, the detoxification process is allowed and not only possible but is also recommended to all mothers very much. This is because the less exposure you and your baby have to drugs, the more the good outcome will come out for both lives. To boost up your confidence to go for detoxification while you are pregnant, you can listen to the best addiction recovery podcast available on the internet to make a move finally.

Cautious Detox Process during Pregnancy

The whole process of detox during pregnancy has a single goal which is to flush out any addictive substances from the system. Depending on the type of drugs you have been consuming, there are also many best addiction recovery podcasts that will also help what is to be done under the care of professionals while going for detox during your pregnancy. The best benefit of detoxing under a medical professional is that you are closely supervised, as you will certainly experience plenty of withdrawal symptoms. Not only the physical symptoms, but you may also experience psychological effects on your body.

How to clean your system while pregnant

The ideal way to detox drugs out of your systems while pregnancy is to maintain your health as much as possible. It includes maximum intake of fluids, eating a balanced diet, and taking recommended medications to decrease further complications. You can also begin with sobriety recovery first and then carry on the extreme detoxification process.

women's journal

A Woman’s Guide to an Intense Orgasm and Stronger Relationships

Sensitivity in your genitalia can give your sex life more meaning. In case of lost sensitivity, you may lose your partner or battle complications like painful sex. Patricia Nevils, M.D. offers O-Shot® in Lafayette, Louisiana, to ensure that you can live healthier going forth. For O-Shot and other OBGYN needs, Vibrant Women Health Centers is a partner you can trust.

About O-Shot

O-Shot is a non-surgical treatment that rejuvenates your vagina and increases your sexual arousal. Your provider injects the labia, clitoris, and the G-spot with growth factors drawn from your blood for more natural lubrication, female orgasms, and arousal.

When to opt for an O-Shot

  •       Low sexual desire
  •       Painful sex
  •       Lichen sclerosus
  •       Vaginal dryness
  •       Trouble achieving orgasm
  •       Difficulty being aroused
  •       Low sexual desire
  •       Leaks when you wait for too long
  •       Accidents when you laugh, jump, or cough

O-Shot for Sexual Function

If you visit the practice for an O-Shot to remedy sexual dysfunction, you will get:

  • Increased arousal
  • Increased sexual desire
  • Heightened orgasm during masturbation or intercourse
  • Increased lubrication

O-Shot Incontinence and related conditions

An O-Shot procedure offers relief for:

  • Lichen sclerosus
  • Lichen planus
  • Urinary incontinence
  • Treating chronic pain, mesh, and interstitial cystitis

After the treatment, you may experience an intense orgasm and treated incontinence after a few visits to your certified provider at Vibrant Women Health Centers.

Preparing for an O-Shot Procedure

In case of the symptoms highlighted above, book an appointment at Vibrant Women Health Centers. Your treatment commences from a detailed scrutiny of your lifestyle and medical records to determine the best treatment options.

What to Expect During Your Appointment?

Your provider involves you through every stage to determine the best solution for challenges that may hold you back. The doctor can use extracts from your labia, clit, or g-spot to find the best treatment. You may walk out after about thirty minutes. Vibrant Women Health Center offers quality care for women through women, ensuring that you’re safe and fully taken care of.

Potential Complications and Side Effects

Common side effects include;

ü  Ejaculatory orgasm

ü  Spontaneous orgasm

ü  Sexual arousal when urinating

ü  Continuous sexual arousal

Your provider makes you prepared for further side effects like;

ü  Infections

ü  Dermatitis

ü  Scar tissue

ü  Allergic reaction

ü  Bruisedness, swelling, and numbness at injection sites

ü  Soreness and pain at the injection site

ü  Vaginal sensitivity

ü  Redness at injection sites

Your provider uses a numbing cream when drawing blood from your clitoris, g-spot, and labia to ensure that you’re comfortable through it all.

What to Expect in Recovery?

Your treatment is fully customized to ensure that you achieve optimal results. 1-2 days after your session, you may feel heightened sensitivity. Vibrant Women Health Center ensures that your recovery is on track by reviewing your expectations before and after.

Desired results are available three days after your visit. Within the first week, you may report heightened sensitivity in the treated areas. After about three to nine weeks, new tissue begins to develop. Once sensitivity starts deteriorating, you can schedule another appointment.

Other Services Offered at Vibrant Women Health Center

  •       Morpheus
  •       Cliovana
  •       Priapus shot®
  •       Votiva
  •       SculpSure
  •       ELITE+ laser
  •       Well-woman care
  •       Preventive health screenings
  •       TempSure Envi
  •       BIOTE® hormone pellet therapy
  •       Nutrition
  •       Hormone replacement therapy
  •       Menopause
  •       Sexual dysfunction
  •       Contraception

Bottom Line

If you experience less or no sensitivity, the O-Shot can help you achieve intense orgasms. Vibrant Women Health Center offers you a second chance that may help you discover sex on a different level. To learn more about the O-Shot®, call Vibrant Women Health Centers today.

women's journal

Common Risk Factors of Complications During Pregnancy

After conception, women sometimes have a hectic period carrying the pregnancy to delivery. Complications that could occur during this period of nine months are many. A pregnancy is considered high risk if it threatens the life of either the fetus or the mother. However, with proper care throughout the pregnancy, women have much higher chances of healthy deliveries. Book an appointment with Suncoast Women’s Care to minimize the risks and stress during pregnancy. Below are various factors that could make a pregnancy high risk:


Women who conceive in their adolescence ages have higher chances of experiencing complications. According to studies, approximately 13 percent of pregnancies belong to adolescents, and the chances of anemia, preterm labor, and preeclampsia are high. On the other hand, women above the age of 35 are also likely to experience complications during pregnancy or delivery. The two categories require adequate care to minimize these risks.


Women who are both underweight and overweight have high chances of giving birth to children with different problems. The risks are much higher for obese women with a BMI above 25 before pregnancy. Miscarriage or having a baby with a high birth weight are common in obese women. The specialist will guide such patients on the proper ways to exercise and minimize risks.

Reproductive Abnormalities

According to past statistics, women with abnormalities in their reproductive systems are likely to have trouble during labor. The fetus could be in an abnormal position, or they could have a premature baby. Such abnormalities include cervical insufficiency or fibroids. Both could make the child to be born too soon or trigger a miscarriage.

Previous Complications

Having complications in a past pregnancy could reoccur in the present pregnancy. Complications that occur subsequently include miscarriages, deformities, premature births, stillbirths, or late deliveries. Therefore, women who have had previous complications are advised to begin early care to minimize the chances of reoccurrence.

Illnesses Before Pregnancy

The medical condition of the mother before conceiving could have an impact on pregnancy. For example, a woman with autoimmune diseases, lung problems, heart problems, or sexually transmitted infections before pregnancy could experience a miscarriage or complications during delivery. Thus, it is essential to seek medical help before getting pregnant if you have any threatening medical conditions.

Medical Conditions During Pregnancy

Doctors recommend attending regular checkups because conditions could develop even when the mother was healthy before pregnancy. They include preeclampsia and gestational diabetes. Luckily, the conditions are manageable, and the mothers could still have healthy deliveries.

Exposures During the Gestation Period

A healthy mother could still have a high-risk pregnancy if exposed to drugs, radiation, or infections during the nine months of pregnancy. They could then have a miscarriage or give birth to a child with defects. Pregnant women are advised to quit smoking, alcohol, and avoid overexposure to radiation.

Luckily, even with the numerous factors that increase the chances of a high-risk pregnancy, doctors can still manage these conditions through continuous care and monitoring. If you have any of the conditions above, you should seek medical attention early during pregnancy or before getting pregnant. Book an appointment with Suncoast Women’s Care online today.


women's journal

Facts You Need To Know Before Getting Breast Augmentation

Breast augmentation is not just a “bob job”. It is a way to regain self-confidence while feeling satisfied with your body. Many women after pregnancy, weight loss are considering these procedures, but it is also suitable for older women where aging has affected their breasts.

Breast augmentation will enhance the size of your breasts, and it will make a nice contour that will be in balance with your body shape. There are a variety of breast augmentation choices, and reliable stem cell breast augmentation Melbourne at Chelsea Cosmetics Melbourne is maybe one of the most popular options. There is also a way to enhance your breasts with implants.

Who is a good candidate

Breast augmentation procedures require general anesthesia, that is why it is important to be generally in good health and not to smoke some period before and after the surgery. It is important to consult with your doctor to understand all the risks and to know what you can expect after the procedure.

There are different ways to enhance your breast

Usually, women who have small or asymmetrical breasts are great candidates. Also, women who have deflation after having children, who lose a significant amount of weight or women whose breasts are sagging as a result of the natural aging process are perfect candidates for breast augmentation procedure.

Women who are considering breast augmentation should also:

  • Have realistic expectations when it comes to results
  • Be 18 years old at least
  • Finished breastfeeding
  • Have the time to recover at least one week after surgery

Men can also be candidates for breast surgery, but in this case, breast size is reducing with effective gynecomastia surgery in Melbourne according to Chelsea Cosmetics Melbourne. The procedure has great results giving flat and thigh chest and it is done with liposuction. The incisions are very small so the scars are barely visible.

What to expect

A good surgeon will take some time to get to know you and to understand the goals that you would like to achieve. Through a good consultation, you will be prepared for operation and the period after the procedure.

During your first visit, the doctor will analyze your overall health and history, medications and supplements that you are using, and he will discuss your desired results. You will decide if you want to enhance your breast with your own stem cells or implants.

With stem cell breast augmentation your breasts will be in balance with your body

The breast augmentation usually lasts around one hour, and you will be under general anesthesia. After the surgery, you can expect mild to moderate pain and a general feeling of heaviness right after the surgery.  The more you enhance your breasts, it is likely that pain will be stronger.

Final word

No matter what type of breast augmentation you decide to do, or to undergo gynecomastia procedure, these are surgical procedures with possible side effects and risks, so make sure to do your research.

women's journal

Baby’s Head down Position during Delivery

As a baby grows during pregnancy, s/he may move around quite a bit in the womb. An expectant might feel kicking or wiggling, or her baby may twist and turn.During the last trimester’s last month of pregnancy, a normal baby is bigger and doesn’t have much wiggle space. The position of a baby becomes more important as mother’s due date nears. This is because one’s baby needs to get into the appropriate position to prepare for delivery.One’s doctor will continually assess the position of her baby in the womb, especially during the last month.

Anterior Position of baby

When a baby is head down, with his/her face facing mother’s back, the baby’s chin is tucked into his/her chest and head is ready to enter the pelvis, the baby is able to flex his/her head and neck, and tuck his/her chin into the chest – this position is usually known as occipito-anterior or the cephalic presentation.The narrowest part of his/her head can press on the cervix and then help it to open during delivery. Most babies generally settle in the cephalic position around the 33 to 36 week of range. This is the safest and ideal position for delivery.

Can I turn my baby?

Occasionally, a baby may not settle up in the proper position for delivery. It’s important to know if one’s baby isn’t in the occipito-anterior presentation right before birth. The adverse position of a baby could causes complications during delivery.There are some methods an expectant can use to coax her baby into the right position.A mother may try the following:

  • When sit down, tilt pelvis forward instead of backward.
  • Spend time sitting on anexercise ball or birthball.
  • Make sure hips are always higher than her knees when she sits.
  • If one’s job requires lots of sitting, then take regular breaks to move around.
  • In a car, sit on a cushion to lift up, also tilt bottom forward.
  • Get on hands and knees for a few minutes at a time. Try this couple of times a day to help move the baby into the head down baby

The takeaway

Babies toss and turn frequently during pregnancy. A mother probably won’t feel their movement until the second half of the second trimester. Babies will eventually settle into a position for delivery — ideally head down, facing mothers back — by week 36.Before that time, an expectant shouldn’t worry too much about her baby’s position. It’s common for posterior babies also to adjust their position themselves before/during delivery and of course before the pushing stage. An expectant should try to stay relaxed and positive during this time.


A baby who isn’t in the head down baby positions before one’s delivery date should always be delivered in a hospital setting for the best care.Emergencies during this kind of labour need to be handled by skilled care giver. Be sure to talk to own doctor if anyone have any concerns about the position of her baby as her due date nears.

women's journal

Significance of a Pap smear test

Pregnancy itself brings along with it a series of tests keeping a track of the health of a mother and baby. An abnormal pap smear during pregnancy is one of the tests coming up. Before you opt for this test you need to be aware what this test is about and how it can help you during pregnancy.

Do you consider Pap test to be safe when pregnant?

Since cervix is involved in this test pointing to bleeding can a pregnant abnormal Pap smear test arise for a woman? The region from where you take out the samples and the place where baby resides has considerable space between them. By this procedure the baby is not affected at all. Bleeding which occurs is absolutely normal and would fade with passage of time.

The time frame where the test is scheduled during pregnancy?

During the first couple of visits to a doctor during pregnancy this test is scheduled. This is roughly around the first trimester of pregnancy. If previous no record of such test exists and if you have missed it in the first trimester a doctor will ask you to take one during second trimester. If a test has been conducted in the last five years, then a doctor could skip this test, though totally it can be at its own discretion.  In case if you are very late in your pregnancy, the doctor may wait till the delivery to be over. Hormones present during the time of delivery can turn results to be false positive.

What do results of Pap smear indicate?

Via the medium of such tests cells present in your cervix is present or not is ascertained. If a test result is negative, then the text results are normal and no cervical cells exist. On the other hand if test results emerge positive it does point to the presence of cervical cells in the region. No abnormalities or other conditions are configured at this point of time. Some issues are detected which means further round of testing could be called for. Close to 10 % of test results tend to be positive, though serious ones are on the rarer side.

What happens in case if you are pregnant and a positive pap result might emerge?

When an abnormal Pap smear test emerges an obvious reaction is that both mothers along with baby have to be worried. If the result is positive the doctor is going to discuss this condition and then diagnose a plan of treatment at their end. Based on the condition the doctor is going to diagnose and plan for a treatment. To give further weightage to the course of treatment doctors may sometimes opt for an internal biopsy. Though if it is only necessary you should do it.

The moment this test is undertaken some amount of bleeding is witnessed in pregnant woman. This does not point to miscarriage in any way as it occurs due to cervix cells being scraped when you take samples.