Common Causes Of Abdominal Pain


Abdominal pain refers to discomfort in the area between your chest and pelvis, commonly known as the “belly.” Abdominal pain can occur for a variety of reasons. In most cases, the pain does not have an underlying condition and can be treated with medications. However, severe pain can indicate medical conditions, including cancer.

Many people think of abdominal pain as a simple stomach ache. However, the abdomen contains various other organs, such as the kidneys, appendix, pancreas, liver, gallbladder, small and large intestines, and spleen. Because there are a lot of organs, pain can arise from various sources. If you are suffering from unexplained abdominal pain, Dr. Ven Kottapalli in Lima can help you identify the problem and provide treatment options.

Common causes of abdominal pain


Gas forms in your large intestine when the bacteria there ferment the foods that do not get digested in your small intestine. When excessive gas is produced, it can cause sharp pain in your abdomen. Normally, gas can be treated with over-the-counter antacids.


Constipation occurs when stool cannot be passed through the digestive tract effectively and is too hard or dry. It can occur due to changes in your diet or taking certain medications and can be painful. If the condition does not resolve with over-the-counter medicines, you should consult a doctor.

Crohn’s disease

It is an inflammatory bowel condition that affects the lining of your digestive tract. The disease can lead to abdominal pain, gas, severe diarrhea, and is life-threatening.

Peptic ulcers

Peptic ulcers are wounds that occur in the lining of the food pipe (esophagus) when stomach acid damages the digestive tract. Abdominal pain is a common symptom of the condition. It can often be treated with antibiotics and acid reducers.

Menstrual cramps

During menstruation, your uterus muscles contract, which can cause inflammation and pain in the abdomen. Women with endometriosis experience more severe pain. Additional abdominal discomfort can be caused due to cramps, constipation, and bloating.

Sexually transmitted diseases

Unprotected intercourse can cause bacteria, viruses, or parasites to transmit from person to person in blood, semen, or vaginal fluids. It can result in sexually transmitted diseases. STDs can cause severe pain in the lower part of your abdomen or the pelvic area.

Celiac disease

It is a digestive disorder where a person’s body reacts abnormally to gluten consumption. Gluten is a protein found in wheat, barley, and rye. When a person is allergic to gluten and consumes it, it can cause inflammation in the small intestine’s lining, leading to medical complications.

Irritable bowel syndrome

IBS is an intestinal disorder where people are unable to digest certain types of foods for unknown reasons. It can cause abdominal pain, cramping, bloating, and gas. Some may feel relief after a bowel movement. IBS is a fairly common condition and can be treated with medications and diet modifications.

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