Women incur many types of diseases more than men. Examples of these diseases include breast cancer, obesity, chronic diseases, and many more. However, pelvic inflammatory disease is an infection that affects the female reproductive system. The disease is caused by sexually transmitted bacteria, which severely affects the vagina, uterus, ovaries, and fallopian tubes. However, the signs and symptoms of pelvic inflammatory disease are not noticeable thus, it is vital for women to undergo check-ups frequently. Visit Ulas Bozdogan MD of Advanced Endometriosis Center for pelvic inflammatory disease treatment and management. Below are the causes of pelvic disease.
The main causes of pelvic inflammatory disease
According to the health department, sexually transmitted infections such as gonorrhea, syphilis, and chlamydia cause pelvic inflammatory disease. Having unprotected sex makes you incur these bacterias. Apart from sexual intercourse, there are other ways you can acquire bacteria that cause infections to your reproductive system. During menstruation, surgery, miscarriage, and abortion, equipment used during these processes can carry bacteria to your reproductive system. During the insertion of an intrauterine device (IUD), infectious pathogens might be present, thus causing a pelvic disease. These bacterias affect the uterus by loosening its walls, thus it can lead to miscarriage and the dropping of the bowel. Below are signs and symptoms of pelvic inflammatory disease.
The signs and symptoms of pelvic disease
It may be difficult to notice the signs and symptoms a few days after the infection. However, severe pelvic disease has the following signs and symptoms.
- Pain in your lower abdomen. This is the most common symptom which most women experience. Pain is caused by inflammation of the uterine muscle, which later loosens and appears to drop out through the cervical opening.
- Pain during sex
- Unpleasant vaginal discharge. The female reproductive system produces normal discharges like menstruation. However, due to the infections, the vagina produces abnormal green or yellow discharges, which have an unpleasant smell.
- Severe cramps during menstruation cycle
- Pain and burning sensation during urination
- Fever, nausea, and vomiting
Complication brought by pelvic inflammatory disease
The pelvic inflammatory disease causes complications to your reproductive system. Bacteria cause inflammation in your reproductive tracts. Other complications include:
- Infertility. Since pelvic disease causes complications to your reproductive system, it can lead to infertility. Severe pelvic disease causes a greater risk to your uterus and ovaries. It is essential to seek treatment during its early stages before it persists.
- Miscarriage. The uterine wall supports the fetus, thus facilitating its growth. The cervix is muscular tissue that prevents the growing fetus from dropping out of the uterus. Once the pelvic inflammation disease attacks your cervix and uterine wall, it can weaken them to an extent of a miscarriage occurring. However, the abnormal discharge from the vagina can cause blindness in your child during birth. It is vital to go for an STI check-up to prevent the occurrences of PID.
The pelvic inflammatory disease affects most women across the world. It is caused by sexually transmitted bacteria, which are transmitted from a person through unprotected sex. You should consult a doctor for examination, and it is also vital to practice safe sex to prevent pelvic inflammatory disease.